TT Talk is our regular e-newsletter providing current information on legal and risk issues impacting the transport and logistics sector.

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The most recent articles are listed below however you should also visit our 'Knowledge Store' to search our library for relevant articles and publications.

Articles are provided in English and Chinese.

01/03/2016
It is estimated that 150 quayside container cranes develop a fatigue crack annually, with the potential for a catastrophic failure of a critical structural member. This is revealed in the Port Equipment Manufacturers Association (PEMA) in their latest publication, entitled ‘Practical Structural Examination of Container Handling Cranes in Ports and Terminals’.

02/02/2016
Now gripped in the headlights of impending mandatory enforcement of the requirements to provide and use verified gross mass (VGM) data for packed containers, many parts of the stakeholder community appear uncertain of how this can work out globally. Each link in the chain needs to take individual responsibility for their own scope of activity and engage with others to enhance the integrity of the whole supply chain. Many national competent authorities and industry players appear to lack thought leadership.

02/02/2016
Despite publicity about the amendment to SOLAS (International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea) requiring that all packed containers have verified gross mass (VGM) stretching back at least five years, many parts of the industry have waited to the eleventh hour before putting individual and collaborative minds to the issue of implementation. With less than five months to mandatory global enforcement on 1 July 2016, it is critical for all stakeholders to engage now.

12/01/2016
The International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) was first adopted a little over a century ago, albeit that version never entered into force due to the First World War. Now a central pillar for international maritime safety, under the custody of the International Maritime Organization (IMO), a number of new amendments entered into force with effect from 1 January 2016.

12/01/2016
Coiled materials covers a variety of materials of differing densities, but all present the shipper with the fundamental issues of how to ensure that the cargo itself arrives at the destination without damage, at the same time as avoid damage to the cargo transport unit (CTU) and anyone or thing adjacent to it during transit. Improperly secured coil materials can have catastrophic and fatal consequences. New industry guidance is now available.

01/12/2015
As the supply chain industry globally is gearing up to comply with the SOLAS amendment that, from 1 July 2016, requires verified gross mass for every packed container, it is worth reiterating that container weight is just one (relatively small) part of ramping up safety. 

01/12/2015
Those involved in international carriage should be well aware that the law applicable to a contract and the jurisdiction in which disputes are to be decided often have a significant bearing on the outcome of a case. This is so for both the substantive determination of liability or remedy, as well as procedural matters, such as commencement of proceedings, disclosure, timelines and costs. A recent UK Supreme Court is exemplary.

03/11/2015
TT Club’s experience is that theft remains firmly in the top five claims causes, accounting for about 13% by number and value over the last five years. Much recent attention has been focused on the emerging risk of cybercrime, as internet capabilities are increasingly used to identify, track and intercept cargo. However, case studies abound for the more traditional vulnerabilities, even if potentially aided by electronic means.

03/11/2015
Essentially the diversion of a payment, mandate fraud is a long standing practice, the existence of which has been exposed in recent years due to a number of high profile cases as well as the proliferation of the use of the internet to facilitate payments.

06/10/2015
3D printing – also known as additive manufacturing (AM) – is a process of manufacturing virtually any three dimensional object from either an existing model or an electronic data source. Such equipment was first developed in the 1980’s so in itself is not new. However, in recent years rapid development has moved it form the laboratory to the marketplace.

06/10/2015
Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), or drones as they are more commonly known, have been in existence for decades in various guises. In recent years, however, the technology has developed more rapidly and is being trialled within new areas of practice.

08/09/2015
The recent tragic events in Tianjin have amply shown the importance of correct and effective segregation of dangerous goods. But those involved in the movement of dangerous goods have far more to consider, and the industry as a whole should make a sanguine risk assessment of all aspects of the supply chain to engender safety.

08/09/2015
The shipping industry has been horrified to hear of the tragic incident that occurred in Tianjin. The cause of the original fire and subsequent explosions remain uncertain, but seem to reflect a usual chain of events that start with economic opportunity, misunderstandings and compromised standards, undermining measures for control or prevention.

04/08/2015
TT Club has for many years made available various model conditions to support Members’ activities. The range of available conditions has recently been supplemented with revised Standard Trading Conditions for Freight Forwarders for operators in Australia to take into account various legislative developments.

04/08/2015
The regime governing maintenance and inspection of ships’ lifting appliances (SLA) has been found less than adequate, resulting in incidents that should have been avoidable. Legislative change will take time; in the meantime, operators and supervisors need to take care. See TT Talk 184 for background information and advice.

14/07/2015
Boom anti-collision electronic sensor technology has been readily available for use on quay cranes for a number of years. The introduction of such technology has undoubtedly been a positive development in terms of both safety and mitigating potential losses.

14/07/2015
It is not uncommon during terminal operations – in the yard and on the ship – for the spreader, or the container attached thereto, to collide with stacked containers. Often resulting from operator error, such incidents can be extremely costly and cause serious operational difficulties. This is another hazard which has now been effectively engineered out through the development of stack profiling technology.

17/06/2015
As should be expected when regulations are tightened, attention is turning to solution providers to deliver accurate measurement of gross mass at various points through the container supply chain. TT Club would welcome hearing from potential providers so as to keep its membership informed.

17/06/2015
The simplicity of the revision to mandate verification of gross mass is typical of the nature of the ‘box’. There are multiple parties who bear levels of responsibility to ensure that the venture is successful, many of whom have little perception of all the other parties and how they may rely on each other. Weighing may be more than first meets the eye.

16/06/2015
Returning to a subject that has been covered not infrequently in this newsletter* as the industry approaches the twelve month mark before mandated verification of gross mass of containers enters into force on 1 July 2016, we provide commentary on emerging good practice.

21/05/2015
Motivated by claims experience and changes in Chinese law and practice, TT Club has added to its range of model conditions an International Freight Forwarding Agency Agreement, produced in both Chinese and English. This is freely available to TT Club Members.

20/05/2015
Weather seems to be a common theme around the globe at present. In tropical regions, the ‘official’ storm seasons have either just started (Eastern Pacific) or will do shortly (North Atlantic), although early activity was seen with the first named Atlantic storm, Ana, in early May. This comes on the back of series of powerful thunderstorms across the US and recent memory of significant winter storms across Europe. Simple advice: always be prepared!

05/05/2015
Following from the early ‘noughties’ developments relating to security and the WCO SAFE Framework, the European Union responded with the Authorised Economic Operator (AEO) certification process. This is now moving ‘centre stage’; are you prepared or engaged?

05/05/2015
The Union Customs Code (UCC) was adopted by the European Parliament and Council on 9 October 2013 as Regulation (EU) No 952/2013. Its provisions will start coming into effect on 1 May 2016. There will be a phased implementation period lasting until 31 December 2020, to allow the necessary time to develop the complex IT infrastructure to support EU wide simplifications.

05/05/2015
Customs claims brought against freight forwarders have always been part of the tapestry of issues handled and covered by the TT Club. However, by way of alert, there has been a noticeable increase in claims involving the evasion of Anti-Dumping Duty (‘ADD’). Most seem to result from investigations made by the European Anti-Fraud Office (known as ‘OLAF’, from its French name Office de Lutte Anti-Fraude).

07/04/2015
Working at height remains one of the biggest causes of fatalities and major injuries. A common fallacy is that ‘working at height’ is confined to activities several meters from the ground. However, ‘working at height’ is defined as work completed at any height above ground level where a hazard might present itself.

07/04/2015
The 73rd meeting of the International Cargo Handling Coordination Association’s (ICHCA) ISP Technical Panel was held recently, kindly hosted by Puertos de Las Palmas. Whilst a number of key risk areas were considered in detail by the panel, bodily injury and pedestrian safety was confirmed to be a key risk in ports.

03/03/2015
Over the past year much has been written about changes to Maritime legislation to improve safety and to minimise the risk of containers being damaged or lost at sea.  There is also work on amendments to international standards concerning containers. What’s the impact?

03/03/2015
When one looks at Road and Rail Risks in North America, there are many different regulations and time limits to be aware of depending on the type and location of transport.

03/03/2015
Cargo fraud and theft impacts everyone in the international supply chain. A buyer of cargo needs the same assurances as the provider of logistics services, who relies on others for contract fulfilment. These risks consistently are amongst the top five incidents seen by the TT Club that collectively account for about 2/3 of claims through the supply chain. 

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