The New Security Regime: What are the implications?
2 December 2002The TT Club assess the ramifications of burgeoning US-initiated security measures on European port and terminal operators.
At the recent Security Matters Seminar, held in London, sponsored by TT Club and organised by the publishers of Cargo Systems magazine, there was lively discussion focussing on the imminent US Customs 24 Hour Manifest Rule and the IMO's amendments to Chapter XI of its Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) convention, which are due to be ratified next month. It fell to TT's European Loss Prevention manager Andrew Webster to discuss the cost implications for European ports as a result of these additional security demands.
In addition, Webster drew attention to opportunity for database cross-referencing that the 24 Hour Manifest Rule gives the US authorities. "There is a real need for the Department of Homeland Security to reassess its own security procedures," he said. Current plans are for US Customs to use the 24-hour window they will now have to check shipper declarations made on the manifests they receive from foreign ports. Webster contends, "Surely by using this time to also cross-check company and individual identities with IRS, intelligence reports and other data at their disposal, the US will improve the chances of detecting terrorist activity as well as assisting its trading partners."
TT Club saw this inter-active seminar as being of considerable assistance to its Members and the industry in general, both in terms of gathering information on current security demands and in forming the operational procedures that must be developed in reaction to these demands. As sponsors, the Club took care that the Seminar's speakers had the necessary authority to guide delegates correctly in the detail of the measures that US Customs, the IMO and others are introducing.
In addition the format of the Seminar was designed so that delegates had ample time to question the speakers. This facility was taken advantage of to the fullest extent. Furthermore, John Nicholls, TT's Loss Prevention Director lead a workshop exercise in order that the participants could work together on developing practical solutions to some of the security risks, which are increasingly occurring at the port hubs of the global supply chain.
As regards the cost implications of these measures to ports, Webster identified these as falling into two broad areas; physical and documentary or systematic type. The former, which mostly relate to the amendments to SOLAS, include improved terminal security with quality perimeter fencing and secure gate controls being demanded. These measures additionally deter the traditional thief as well as helping prevent acts of terrorism. Webster pointed out the customer-facing advantages also. "As a facility presents a safer outlook, increased customer confidence in the operation and increased usage and profits result," he said.
During the Seminar much was said about the consequences to port operators of the impending 24 Hour Manifest Rule, due to be imposed by US Customs next month, whereby a vessels cargo manifest must be lodged no later than 24 hours prior to the vessel being loaded at a European port. Many see difficulties and disruption as a result. However the message from Seminar delegates was that there was a will to comply and, moreover, develop efficient systems of documentary control to ensure that this security measure has the desired effect of foiling acts of terrorism.
Webster discussed this crucial development within the documentary/systems element of his presentation both supporting this positive view of the challenges ahead and urging operators to see these new rules as, "a call for more rigorous attention to detail and transparency of information, which have a very positive effect on the supply chain as a whole." He listed these advantages as: advanced knowledge for lines of their cargo; faster customs clearance of goods at destination; better stowage and loading information for stevedores and less cargo damage due to more care being taken during the stuffing process.
He underlined that the Just In Time (JIT) system, which at first may seem endangered by additional manifest demands, is in fact a planned production methodology and that plans would now merely have to be adjusted to take account of the 24-hour notification process. The so-called 'glass pipeline' that is evolving within the global supply chain will be of great advantage contended Webster. Additional cost will be incurred within the transportation chain but he concluded, "A transparent system leads to standardisation of documentation, which in turn leads to a more efficient operation. Savings will also, therefore, result."ENDSNotes to the Editor:
Further details about the Security Matters Seminar, including availability of papers can be obtained from:
For further information please contact:
Tel: +44 (0) 7553 1576
Michael Haig and Peter Owen, ISIS Communications
Tel +44 (0)1737 248300
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