TT Talk - IMDG Code Amendment 36-12: The changes explained
The latest edition of the IMDG Code, as adopted at the 90th
session of the IMO's Maritime Safety Committee in May 2012, has been published. This 2012 edition has revised Volumes 1 and 2 and will become mandatory from 1 January 2014. However, it may be applied voluntarily from January 2013 (the transition year) and, as usual, the IMO recommends its early implementation. The IMDG Code Supplement, containing the supplements for the Emergency Responses, Medical First Aid Guide, CTU [Cargo Transport Units] Code, resolutions and circulars, has not been updated and the 2010 edition is still current. Updates to this supplementary volume are issued regularly by IMO and are freely available on their website (http://gisis.imo.org/Public/Default.aspx
).There have been significant enhancements to Part 7 ‘Provisions Concerning Transport Operations’.
Whilst this part is still concerned with 'stowage' and 'segregation', it has been subdivided, for ease of reference into specific types of vessel.
Whereas the previous version had a generic Chapter 7.4 'Transport of Cargo Transport Units on board ships', we now have four separate chapters specific to stowage and segregation on the different ship type
Chapter 7.4 Stowage and segregation on containerships
Chapter 7.5 Stowage and segregation on ro-ro ships
Chapter 7.6 Stowage and segregation on general cargo ships
Chapter 7.7 Shipborne barges on barge-carrying ships
Further changes include the introduction of a useful set of definitions in Chapter 7.1.2, explaining and redefining the meaning of some terms such as:
Clear of Living Quarters;
Closed Cargo Transport Unit;
Potential Sources of Ignition; and
Protected from Sources of Heat
The last term replaces the older 'away from' in an easier to understand definition:
'Protected from sources of heat means that packages and CTUs shall be stowed at least 2.4m from heated ship structures, where the surface temperature is liable to exceed 55°. Examples of heated structures are steam pipes, heating coils, top or side walls of heated fuel and cargo tanks, and bulkheads of machinery spaces. In addition, packages not loaded inside a CTU and stowed on deck shall be shaded from direct sunlight. The surface of a CTU can heat rapidly when in direct sunlight in nearly windless conditions and the cargo may also become heated. Depending on the nature of the goods in the CTU and the planned voyage, precautions shall be taken to ensure that exposure to direct sunlight is reduced.
This requirement in relation to dangerous goods could actually also be extended to certain perishable goods not normally designated as dangerous. The TT Club and ICHCA have seen examples of severely damaged containers after cargoes such as butter and cheese have been exposed to heat.
Chapter 7.2 'Segregation' also has its definitions brought together. In the main definitions in Part 1 there are several new entries:
"Foodstuff"includes foodstuffs, feeds or other edible substances intended for consumption by humans or animals
and with respect to foodstuffs the previous categories of 'away from' and 'separated from' no longer exist. However, in addition certain classes of DG, the substance details identify which cargoes cannot be contained in the same CTU as foodstuffs (220.127.116.11.1) and a further list of dangerous goods that must be at least 3 metres away (18.104.22.168.2). As with many sections of the Code a detailed examination of the specific UN numbers need to be undertaken.
"Net Explosive Mass" (NEM) meansthe total mass of the explosive substances without the packages, casings etc
. The previous 15 separate stowage categories for explosives have been re-grouped into just five, based on stowage categories (combinations of on deck, under deck, closed CTUs etc).
"Semi-trailer" is defined now asmeans any trailer designed to be coupled to a motor vehicle in such a way that part of it rests on the motor vehicle and a substantial part of its mass and of the mass of its load is borne by the motor vehicle
The new entries in the Dangerous Goods List (Amendment 35-10 stopped at UN 3496) include such substances as:
UN 3497 Krill Meal (Pink to red meal derived from shrimp-like Krill);
UN 3498 Iodine Monochloride Liquid (a red liquid that reacts violently with water);
UN 3499 Capacitor (articles intended to store electrical energy);
UN 3500 Chemical Under pressure NOS, (Liquids, pastes or powders, pressurized with a propellant which meets the definition of a gas). This is followed by several UN entries for similarly classified chemicals with other properties or combinations of properties including ‘flammable’, ‘toxic’ and ‘corrosive’.
Captain Richard Brough, the Technical Advisor to ICHCA International provided the above analysis; specific queries about any aspect of the IMDG Code can be answered by him via email:firstname.lastname@example.org
. Copies of the new amendment to the IMDG Code can be purchased at a special discount from ICHCA (email@example.com
TT Talk - Edition 167 (Chinese) (295 KB)
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In a week during which yet another cargo-related containership fire took place, it is timely to draw attention to on-going industry developments to improve controls in the carriage of dangerous goods by sea.
Five international freight transport and cargo handling organisations are collaborating on the production of new guidance on packing standards for freight containers and other cargo transport units. The Container Owners Association, the Global Shippers Forum, the International Cargo Handling Co-ordination Association, the TT Club and the World Shipping Council are co-operating on a range of activities to further the adoption and implementation of crucial safety practices throughout the global supply chain.
Using the appropriate modal regulations or convention, the shipper/consignor is responsible for correctly classifying any item that is to be transported. In many instances, reliance has to be placed on the manufacturer to provide reliable data so that the carrier is adequately alerted and may respond appropriately in an emergency.