TT Talk - Ports and terminals – standard trading conditions?


It is obvious that ports are pivotal nodes in international supply chains. However, within each setting there will be a broad range of responsibilities and relationships, some statutory or regulatory, some commercial or operational. As a result, there will be an array of terms and conditions to be considered. It remains important to consider standard trading conditions to provide a framework that helps mitigate risks, streamline processes, and foster a fair and efficient trading environment.

Standard trading conditions are pre-determined terms and clauses, in a form that may be widely accepted and recognised but acting as an integral component of your business risk management strategy. In the situation that there are diverse responsibilities that may arise, not all of which will have bespoke, negotiated terms, it is valuable to maintain conditions that will apply as a ‘safety net’.

However, drafting a set of standard trading conditions to protect your business is just the start of the process. In order that you may rely on them it will be necessary that the terms are sufficiently incorporated into all relationships where something more specific has not been agreed. Such incorporation plays a pivotal role in ensuring smooth and predictable business transactions.

Recognising that the requirements will differ depending on nature of your relationships and according to your jurisdiction, there are a selection of practical considerations included below aimed at assisting in drafting and incorporation.

  • Your standard trading conditions should be a separate and distinct document from your other business documents. This makes it easier for you and your counterparties to locate and reference the terms.
  • Where practicable, limit the legal jargon that may be difficult for non-experts or those less familiar with your jurisdiction to understand. Clearly define key terms and concepts relevant to your industry.
  • Clearly integrate the terms into every business interaction and agreement. This can be achieved by reference to the specific terms, including version and date, together with appropriate linkage.
  • Ensure that the standard trading conditions are easily accessible to clients, customers and others. You can do this by publishing them on your company website, and embedding reference and/or links in email correspondence, and on quotes and invoices. Printed version should be available on request.
  • Consider highlighting key clauses that are especially important. This may include payment terms, delivery conditions, or dispute resolution mechanisms, but should also be clear on responsibilities and liabilities, and financial limitations, as well as applicable law and jurisdiction.
  • Regularly review these conditions to ensure they reflect any changes in your business practices, industry regulations, or relevant laws. It is imperative that updates are effectively communicated; a quality assurance process could assist in ensuring that only the latest version is referenced.
  • It is advisable to seek legal advice to ensure these conditions do comply with relevant laws and regulations. This can help avoid potential legal issues in the future.
  • Recognise that, while having standard trading conditions is essential, your business might need to negotiate specific terms for certain contracts. The standard conditions may not be appropriate and flexibility can help in building positive relationships.

Risk Mitigation

Ports typically interface between the maritime and multiple shore-based interests in facilitating trade. Since the shipping industry is inherently exposed to various risks, ranging from unpredictable weather conditions to geopolitical uncertainties, standard trading conditions can offer a comprehensive set of terms that address all such risks. For example, they may outline the responsibilities of the port operator in the event of unforeseen circumstances, such as natural disasters or political unrest, thereby reducing ambiguity and potential disputes.

Efficiency and Uniformity

Standard trading conditions bring about a sense of efficiency and uniformity in port operations. Setting a baseline can streamline negotiation processes and facilitate quicker conclusion of contracts. This not only saves time but also reduces the administrative burden associated with crafting bespoke agreements for each transaction, promoting a more predictable business environment, fostering trust among stakeholders and enhancing the overall efficiency of the port community.

Standard trading conditions bring about a sense of efficiency and uniformity in port operations.

Ports are often governed by a complex web of international, national, and local regulations. Standard conditions help harmonise these legal frameworks by providing a common language and set of rules. Such consistency minimises the risk of legal disputes and enhances the enforceability of provisions. Moreover, it facilitates compliance with regulatory requirements, ensuring that all parties are aligned regarding their obligations and responsibilities and outlining any dispute resolution processes.

Fairness and Equity

Standard trading conditions establish a baseline of rights and obligations for all parties. This is particularly important in the maritime industry, where power dynamics can vary significantly between shippers, carriers, and port operators. Conditions setting out standardised terms for issues such as payment terms and dispute resolution mechanisms, ensure that no party is unfairly advantaged or disadvantaged. By promoting fairness, standard trading conditions contribute to the creation of a more stable and sustainable trading environment. A good reference guide in the EU could be the Unfair Contract Terms Directive (93/13/EEC).

Standard trading conditions contribute to the creation of a more stable and sustainable trading environment.

International Trade Facilitation

Ports connect producers and consumers across different continents; standardised terms make it easier for businesses from diverse cultural and legal backgrounds to engage in trade. This, in turn, promotes international cooperation and economic growth by reducing barriers to entry and fostering a climate of trust among parties engaged in cross-border transactions.


Incorporating standard trading conditions into contracts for ports promotes stability, efficiency and fairness of international trade. Serving as a guiding framework, they address the inherent risks of the shipping industry, promoting efficiency, ensuring legal clarity, and fostering fairness and equity.
As international trade continues to evolve, the adoption and adherence to standard trading conditions will support the sustainable growth of ports and the broader global economy. By providing a common ground for negotiation and dispute resolution, standard trading conditions contribute to the resilience and adaptability of the maritime industry in the face of ever-changing challenges. 


If you would like further information, or have any comments, please email us, or take this opportunity to forward to any others who you may feel would be interested.

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Mike Yarwood

TT Club