Few in the international freight supply chain can be unaware of the 'NotPetya' cyber event that struck at the end of June 2017. The repercussions should have caused organisations to review every existing assessment of the risk exposures arising from cyber activity.
Concerns have been raised over recent years that the movement of shipping containers facilitates the spread of pests adversely impacting sensitive environments. Both the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) and the International Maritime Organization (IMO) have now given endorsement to joint industry guidelines concerning container cleanliness.
The cost of safety failures, however small the frequency rate, is usually disproportionate; equally, the rewards for safe operations and practices generally accrue significant benefits. Effective near miss reporting is key.